Foods to Avoid When Flying: Travel Tips

foods to avoid when flying

If you fly frequently, it's essential to know which foods you should or shouldn't eat. These days, most travelers prefer to take something at home rather than eat at the airport or on the plane. In the past, it was a commonplace thing for travelers to eat on the plane; many desist from taking anything, including snacks, whenever they want to fly out. Some who want to travel for a long time might prefer to take a large meal that can take them nicely

According to Tracy Lockwood Beckerman, a dietitian expert based in New York City, it's always a good idea to consider your health welfare well before you fly out; thus, think about what you will or will not eat before you go out. "Think about it: Our immune systems are usually tested, and the digestive systems are thrown off while dehydration takes a hit. This is why it's crucially important to take foods that keep you hydrated, strengthen your immune system, and can easily be digestive before flying out." Consequently, which foods should be untouchable whenever people travel out? Consider this: It's quite common for people to be dehydrated when flying out; this happens mainly due to a lack of humidity and dry air inside the cabin. Ms. Beckerman says: "For this reason, it's not a great idea to take a sodium-laden meal the day or morning before taking your flight."Beckerman advises travelers to go easy on such foods as the salt shaker- she says it's better to take snacks without any salt added. Certainly, she suggests, travelers should take fresh foods- this helps them avoid problems that come with dehydration- like headaches, fatigue, and constipation.

"Generally, due to pressure shifts, some individuals retain water (more than others) during a flight. For this reason, it's best to avoid over-processed foods or those that have a high content of sodium; this can merely exacerbate the problem," she says. At the same time, Vanessa Risseto, a New Jersey registered dietitian and co-founder of Culina Health, says: "It's always good advice to stay hydrated. Hence, try taking coconut water and electrolyte tabs to help you with dehydration problems; try taking whole foods like fruit and veggies- also try lean protein; this will help you feel your best.

Adds Ms. Beckerman: "Since flying may cause some people to feel extra gassy or bloated; this happens because of changes in cabin pressure. Thus, avoid taking foods with carbonation prior; foods like sodas, kombucha or seltzers." She notes that such bubbly beverages can actually worsen the digestive air pockets… this can cause you to feel bloated, gassy, or extra belchy during your flight. So, by steering clear of these, you ensure you're keeping the bubbles and extra air in the digestive system to a minimum."

Jonathan Valdez, who owns Genki Nutrition, supports the same sentiments. He notes that carbonated beverages can expand inside the GI tract, causing more unpleasant bloating, particularly if one is already gassy. Valdez, who's the New York State Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics media spokesman, adds: "If you're already feeling somewhat nauseous due to turbulence or motion sickness, you might find that carbonated drinks can be helpful. You merely need to weigh the pros and cons."

Further, you should reconsider the idea of taking alcohol either before or during a scheduled flight. Valdez advises: "Alcohol consumption can cause dehydration- indeed, alcohol can have a different effect on your body than if you took a drink while at ground level. The common culprit is the cabin's low barometric pressure; this causes a low oxygen concentration in your blood." He concludes: "For this reason, you're likely to get inebriated much faster; the urination frequency will increase much more."

Apart from the matter of personal comfort and health, keeping off alcohol before taking your flight can also foster a safer airplane environment. Needless to say, if you're a traveler, you wouldn't want to have one or two drunkards aboard the plane you're taking, would you?

Sarah Nelson, the Association of Flight Attends (CWA) president, once told this to the HuffPost: "Most of the more outrageous flight attendant abuse incidents usually include alcohol as a primary contributing factor." Some other foods, including beans, asparagus, onions, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower, can exacerbate intestinal gas and bloating issues. This is because we lack the essential enzymes to digest specific carbohydrates, particularly the FODMAPs that are usually found in these foods, Valdez advises.

Historic Wildlife Census: Kenya's Conservation Efforts

historic wildlife census in kenya

It was a most delightful sight- helicopters, planes, 4x4s, and boats were all deployed to capture the great exciting moment. There were hundreds of camera traps and an array of dung studied all across the vast Kenyan land. The satellite collars also monitored the exercise as Kenya embarked on its first-ever national census of wildlife. The great census that covered the length and breadth of the country's 58 national parks, national reserves, private and community conservancies was supposed to come to an end by 31st July 2021. The census would cost the government of Kenya a whopping 250 million shillings (£1.6m). The great census would include a counting exercise that would take in thousands of marine and terrestrial mammals. It would also include the counting of ostriches, kori bustards, and other endangered primates. The results of the census were due in August 2021.

Why did the government decide to embark on such a complex undertaking? Well, the main objective was to try and establish a baseline of wildlife distribution and status. The government also sought to create a basis that would generally inform the policy direction. To this end, Kenya's tourism and wildlife cabinet secretary, Mr. Najib Balala, announced that this census would help the government formulate modern strategies to conserve and manage the country's wildlife effectively. At the same time, the exercise would help the government monitor the distribution and numbers of some rare, threatened animal species. Among these are green hawksbill turtles and pangolins. The CS noted that these animal species are daily dwindling in numbers as a result of intense poaching.

Kenya, an East African country, is world-famous, not only for its graceful athletes but also for hosting an impressive variety of animal resources. Think of the Hirola antelope that inhabits Kenya's Tsavo East National park. Experts recognize Hirola as a rare antelope species; indeed, Hirola is listed on the IUCN's 'critically endangered species list. While Kenya has previously conducted some kind of a targeted census for various endangered animals (including rhinos and elephants), the government admits there has been little monitoring of many other rare, endangered, and threatened wildlife species. The government admits that "the numbers and range of these endangered creatures have declined significantly in the last three decades." Some of the most endangered animals include rare antelope species like the sable, the mountain bongo, and the hirola. As noted, the last two species are actually recognized as critically endangered by the monitoring International Union for Conservation of Nature. According to the government brief, some key Kenyan wildlife landscapes have experienced unique challenges touching on land tenure and its use, the climate crisis, and drought. The government says such factors are "likely to impact negatively on the existing wildlife population. This is precisely why the government believes it's crucial to undertake the national survey.

"The exercise will help us understand the wildlife population trends; it will also help us know if a given area has the capacity to carry particular animals. Moreover, we'll better understand the effects of climate change on the existing wildlife population; we'll understand what effect the increase in human population has on wildlife conservation and similar factors," Mr. Balala said. The CS concluded that the wildlife census would help mitigate the rising cases of human-wildlife conflicts. This would reduce the ever-increasing compensation bill; currently, the compensation bill stands at about Kenya shillings 14 billion.

During the extensive census, the government used various methods, including ground and aerial techniques, to count all the larger mammals in the open savannah. The same approach was used to count mammals in arid and semi-arid areas. The team used camera traps and dung counts in various forested ecosystems. Way back in 2013, the government conducted an aerial count in the Amboseli national park region. However, the current national wildlife census will mark the first time the government is collecting coordinated data from all of Kenya's parks. The acting director of the Wildlife Research Training Institute, Dr. Patrick Omondi, said the government of Kenya was using "internationally recognized peer-review methods" to come up with accurate data from this census."

The director said that "deployment of personnel and needed equipment generally depends on the conservation area's size." "For example," he continued: "The government deployed a team of 13 and 50 aircraft; these were both fixed and helicopters- these were deployed in Kenya's largest Tsavo ecosystem. We also used other methods, including satellite collars, to monitor migratory animals; this is especially useful to prevent double counts. Further, we used aerial voice recorders to analyze the presence of a specific group of animals in a given area."

150-Year-Old London Subway: A Living Legacy

150 year old london subway

Do you know that the London subway was built over 150 years ago? What work went into creating this magnificent subway? Moreover, did you know that the London underground network is actually the oldest in the world? The underground network first opened to the public back in 1863. This was after some three years of hugely challenging work. This was considered quite an impressive achievement at that time. Can anyone imagine it? When the first 38,000 people hopped onto the trains for the first journey, some of the carriages did not even have a roof; why, the carriages were still being pulled by steam engines. In these circumstances, the smoke could get overwhelming. Gas lamps were still lighting the corridors and stations. And when the construction work first started, some city residents reportedly complained that the city was being perforated." Indeed, a city minister reportedly accused the construction company of "attempting to break into hell."

Later, when the underground network officially opened, there were only a few stations along the four-mile track. Think of it: Today, the London underground network boasts of having more than 270 stations. The tracks cover over 400 kilometers. And more than 5 million people use the famous subway daily. Further, it seems that the London underground network never stops growing. Over the years, the construction workers used a unique building technique called the "cut-and-over" technique. Using this system, the builders could easily dig out large open holes in the road and proceed to build the false tunnel's arch with bricks. They would then refill the holes using the dug-out material. Hence, the first underground lines of this network were somewhat shallow. This is typical of all older underground lines in the world's major cities.

Among the companies that participated in this construction was the C& SLR. The company achieved a feat by being the first to utilize electric traction to pull the trains. Also, the company used a new method to dig circular tunnels. It achieved this using a special technology (called "the shield tunneler"); initially, this involved manual operation. The workers used the front part to dig a circular section; the tunneling machine was known as the Greathead Shield. The shield later became mechanical with the machine advancing more rapidly- indeed, it could easily cut through every type of material. Modern machines of this type are called Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM's).

Naturally, we probably wonder: Over 155 years later, how does the London underground network work? How do modern construction workers go about their business? Well, a massive new railway expansion project was recently carried out. The project would cover over 100 km. Of these, over 40 km runs below the London streets before connecting with the underground network. The Elizabeth Line now has 10 new stations; the 30 existing stations are being renewed. One of the stations that were built in 1863 is Farrington. Farrington is especially impressive owing to its massive depth; it's located on 6 levels, 30 meters below the ground. Farrington has its own building.

A new visitor visiting the station's new platforms would think that the two are endless. They span over 200 meters in length. The platforms are fully enclosed, complete with a few sliding glass doors. They both connect towards the exit way and ticketing areas through a central passageway. The main tunnels are some 6 meters in diameter; they were dug using different TBMs. Even while still under construction, a visitor will find that the station's design is quite impressive. It features clean, well-lit ceilings with soft curves. They also have several spacious entrance halls above giant escalators; to many, entering the tunnels feels a bit like entering some kind of a modern pyramid.

Forex Trading Risk Management Strategies

risk management strategies in forex trading

All investments are associated with numerous risks. When one invests in forex trading, a little risk can cause failure to deliver the expected return. This can leads to a lower profit ratio or loss of the total investment. Traders often find it hard to determine their appropriate risk, especially beginners. However, with considerable experience, they also learn how to balance and tolerate these risks. This article has important information that can assist an inexperienced trader in understanding risk management in Forex trading. It will contain the following information:

Forex trading risk management - Importance of risk management - How to develop a risk management strategy - Risk management strategies

Forex Trading Risk Management: It usually involves certain risks. They include Slippage risk; these are hidden costs that occur during transactions. The other is poor execution risk; these involve problems encountered when traders are setting up their investments. There's also gap risk; these arise in the case of trading (like during weekends of currency trading). Forex trading risk management refers to the processes applied in trading activities to control the losses and develop a good ratio between the risks and rewards. They involve identifying, assessing, and managing the risks that threaten trading capital and earnings. These risks usually arise from natural calamities, legal liabilities, and financial uncertainty. Traders are obligated to prepare for these risks and devise ways of minimizing them before they happen.

Developing a Risk Management Strategy: Managing the unmanageable requires one to develop an appropriate risk management strategy. Since there is no single solution for developing an effective, the following steps can give you a good risk management strategy in forex trading. First, identify the risks – it's a challenge to address the risks involved keeping in mind that you are facing them. To identify them, one needs to look at the past and current risks in a particular investment to predict the future ones.

Next, analyze the risks- after identifying potential risks, one needs to conduct a deep analysis of its source and how your invested capital will be affected. It's then easier to come up with effective methods of coping with the risks. Also, rank the risks – most of the risks are not equal. Some may have a significant impact on a trader's account. Numerous risks might be overwhelming that why one needs to prioritize the pressing ones. Finally, monitor the risks – investment constantly changes over time, so regularly updating your strategy is required. One should incorporate random continuous reviews of the management plans on potential risks.

Risk Management Strategies in Forex Trading: To be a successful forex trader, you need to have a good strategy that you adhere to while trading. The following are steps you need to follow before placing any trade in forex. First, plan your trading: Planning is the first step to success in every business. Even though the situation changes over time, one needs to have a clear starting. Successful traders usually plan using stop-loss and take-profits to know how much they will gain or lose in any trade.

The One-percent Rule: This step implies that one should risk one per cent of total capital in a trading account in trade; if, for instance, your total balance in the account is fifty thousand, you should only trade with five thousand per trade. The result of this rule largely depends on the market liquidity.

Risk Ratio: This is the determination of your potential profit or loss in any trade that you place. A trader may decide to have a ratio of 1:3 in every trade, risk one dollar to get three dollars. This gives a trader confidence to place many trades after winning one. Technical Analysis: This involves analyzing the past movement IN the price of significant commodities or currency on a chart to predict their movement in the future. Resistance, support, and trends are some of the essential tools used in technical analysis.

Overall, to be a consistent and successful trader, you must develop an effective risk management plan to evade all losses. Using the one-per cent rule assists you in avoiding huge losses that can blow your trading account. On the other hand, technical analysis helps you determine your entry and exit points in any trade. Also, you ought to consider calculating your potential risk and reward ratio while trading. Since it's rare to win all trades, your strategy should have more wins than losses.

London Underground: High-Speed Mobile Coverage

london underground high speed mobile coverage

BAI Communications awarded 20-year concession to deliver high-speed mobile coverage across the London Underground.

Modern multi-carrier infrastructure will allow mobile operators to immediately provide continuous 4G coverage to their customers across London Underground stations and tunnels and will be 5G ready.

The new network will be the most advanced and largest of its type in the world, helping to transform London's economy and society, and fast-track London's evolution as a smart city by helping to establish its smart communities.

BAI will establish a backbone of connectivity across London, connecting buildings and street assets via a new fibre network to deliver city-wide improvements.

BAI's partnership with TfL will establish a long-awaited backbone of connectivity with a city-wide integrated communications network delivering multi-carrier cellular, Wi-Fi, and fibre connectivity services. The 4G-enabled and 5G-ready communications network that BAI will build and operate as a neutral host for fixed and mobile operators will fast-track London's evolution as a smart city. BAI will also help to create a safer, smarter London by building and operating critical communications infrastructure that will support police, fire, and ambulance services.

The first phase of the project will see the rollout of modern multi-carrier infrastructure. This will allow fixed and mobile operators to immediately provide continuous 4G coverage to their customers across the London Underground stations and tunnels. The new wireless infrastructure will also be 5G ready. Work on the project will begin immediately, with all stations and tunnels due to have mobile coverage in four years.

Additionally, a new high-capacity fibre network running throughout the London Underground will enable fibre service providers to provide full fibre connectivity to premises across the city. The network will connect to buildings and street assets housing small cells to leverage the power of 5G and the IoT, and deliver improvements in areas like traffic congestion, public safety, and city planning.

Through this concession, BAI will help the transport authority support London's post-covid recovery as travel resumes, delivering seamless 5G ready connectivity that will enable people to move around the city more efficiently, safely, and securely. More specifically, this project will enable TfL to reduce overcrowding and manage station flow, while improving safety with real-time information and reliable 'from anywhere' communications.

BAI was awarded the concession after a competitive tender process. The company has proven experience deploying mission critical communications networks in highly dense urban environments, including the underground rail networks in New York, Toronto, and Hong Kong. This project supports BAI's strategic intent to sustainably accelerate growth globally. This is achieved through our work deploying outdoor neutral host infrastructure and developing 5G-driven offerings that introduce and scale connectivity solutions for emerging services and fresh revenue opportunities. Ultimately, our work supports our customers by delivering better connectivity and enhanced customer experiences. BAI's ambitious plans include expanding its wireless infrastructure business across the public transport sector and growing its private network services portfolio.

Billy D'Arcy, CEO of BAI Communications UK, said: "We are proud to be helping TfL and other customers develop connectivity solutions that have a positive impact on how citizens live and work and contribute towards smart city development.

"Our extensive credentials delivering large-scale connected infrastructure and networking solutions position us perfectly to support mobile operators to deliver technological innovation and capitalise on the fast-growing commercial appeal of 5G solutions and smart city applications. The networks we design and build keep people and communities connected and engaged, as will be the result of TfL's Connected London program and BAI's contribution to it."

BAI's Group CEO, Igor Leprince, added: "This critical infrastructure project awarded to BAI by TfL is an important win for our neutral host growth strategy. We are extremely proud to both work with TfL and enable the fixed and mobile operators to make London the best-connected city in the world. This project will benefit from our extensive experience and expertise in designing, building, and operating these networks in incredibly difficult environments and delivering 5G solutions and use cases that benefit businesses, citizens, and public services."

BAI Communications designs, builds, and operates cellular, Wi-Fi, broadcast, radio, and IP networks around the world. We are engineering experts and technology innovators with proven experience in delivering the next wave of connectivity solutions through long-term partnerships with broadcasters, transit operators, governments, and MNOs. As a leading communications infrastructure provider, BAI's neutral host solutions connect people, enrich communities and advance economies. Our global operations span Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, Hong Kong and the US, where we have a majority stake in Transit Wireless.

We provide cellular coverage through shared networks and Wi-Fi for commuters in the major cities of New York, Toronto, and Hong Kong. Our connectivity solutions are also relied on by emergency services teams across the Australian state of New South Wales and public transit emergency services in New York and Toronto. We also own and operate one of the most extensive broadcast networks in the world, delivering 127 million broadcasting hours to 99% of the Australian population.

Global Vaccine Safety Advisory Committee Insights

global advisory committee on vaccine safety

As of 18 May 2021, there were 163,312,429 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 3,386,825 deaths, reported to WHO. Vaccination remains a critical tool to help prevent further illness and death and to control the pandemic.

The Johnson & Johnson (J&J)/Janssen vaccine was listed for emergency use by WHO on 12 March 2021. The vaccine has been authorized for use in Europe, the United States and other countries, with the widest experience to date in the United States, where more than 8 million doses of the J&J vaccine had been administered as of 7 May.

The GACVS COVID-19 subcommittee met virtually on 11 May 2021 to review available information and data on thromboembolic events (blood clots) and thrombocytopenia (low platelets) after vaccination with the adenoviral vectored J&J vaccine. This condition is referred to as thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS). Current evidence suggests a plausible causal association between the J&J COVID-19 vaccine and TTS. Clinically, the features of TTS following vaccination with this vaccine appear similar to those observed following another adenoviral vectored vaccine, the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine. TTS does not appear to be associated with the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. The exact mechanism by which this rare condition occurs is not fully understood. (1) To date, the only possible risks factors identified are age and gender (with more cases reported in women).

The subcommittee reviewed detailed surveillance data from the United States, which included stimulated passive surveillance and a small active surveillance cohort.

Based on a careful scientific review of the available information, the subcommittee came to the following conclusions and recommendations:

- The benefits of the J&J COVID-19 vaccine continue to outweigh the risks of TTS. As the only single dose COVID-19 vaccine approved for use to date, the vaccine may be an important tool for accessing difficult-to-reach populations, thus playing a key role in preventing infections and reducing deaths across the world.

- Very rare thromboembolic events, in combination with thrombocytopenia, have been reported following vaccination with the J&J vaccine in the United States. As of 7 May 2021, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had reviewed 28 reports of TTS out of a total of more than 8 million vaccinations; TTS was reported in persons between 18-59 years of age (median age of 40 years) and occurring after 3-15 days (a median of 9 days).(2) To date, the US FDA and CDC have not identified any cases of TTS after use of over 240 million doses of mRNA vaccines.

- Reports of TTS following vaccination with the J&J vaccine have a similar clinical picture to those reported following vaccination with the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine. On 16 April 2021 the GACVS COVID-19 subcommittee issued an updated statement on blood coagulation events and the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine. (3)

- Although most cases of TTS have typically involved thrombosis in unusual locations, including cerebral venous sinuses, portal vein, splenic vein and other rare venous and arterial thrombosis, cases including thrombosis in more common locations, such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, have been identified in the United States.

- When setting their immunization policies, the risk of TTS from use of the J&J vaccine should be assessed against the benefits. Countries should perform such a benefit-risk analysis taking into account local epidemiology (including incidence and mortality from COVID-19 disease), age groups targeted for vaccination, and the availability of alternative vaccines.

- Adequate education should be provided to health-care professionals and persons being vaccinated to recognize the signs and symptoms of all serious adverse events after vaccinations with all COVID-19 vaccines, so that people may seek and receive prompt and relevant medical care and treatment. Early identification of TTS is important in order to initiate appropriate treatment.

- Clinicians should be alert to any new, severe, persistent headaches or other significant symptoms, such as severe abdominal pain and shortness of breath, with an onset between 4 to 20 days after adenovirus vectored COVID-19 vaccination. At a minimum, countries should encourage clinicians to measure platelet levels and conduct appropriate investigation of thrombosis. Clinicians should also be aware that although heparin is generally used to treat blood clots, administration of heparin in TTS may be dangerous and alternative treatments such as immunoglobulins and non-heparin anticoagulants should be considered.

- The GACVS subcommittee recommends that countries continue to monitor the safety of all COVID-19 vaccines and promote reporting of suspected adverse events. In particular, any blood clots following receipt of any COVID-19 vaccine should be reported.

- The GACVS subcommittee acknowledges that TTS has occurred with two adenoviral-vectored vaccines. Ongoing assessment for and review of TTS cases, as well as related research, should include all vaccines using adenoviral vector platforms.

The GACVS COVID-19 subcommittee will continue to review the safety data from all COVID-19 vaccines and update any advice as necessary. Open, transparent, and evidence-based communication about the potential benefits and risks to recipients and the community is essential to maintain trust. WHO is carefully monitoring the rollout of all COVID-19 vaccines and will continue to work closely with countries to manage potential risks, and to use science and data to drive the response and update recommendations.

Benefits of Positive News: Global Impact

benefits of positive news

It is difficult to remain calm and relaxed with all the negativity that surrounds us. All we hear is bad and depressing news. The constant political statements, murder news and other depressing stories that media tells us, creates a bad effect on people. It causes people to worry unnecessarily. The human brain is not designed to digest bad news one after the other. It is way too much pressure to handle for the human brain. In the past the television played an important role in making people sad and depressed whereas nowadays the social media plays this role.

A psychologist named Kelly smith says that the best solution is to filter the news and find the media outlets that don’t bother you with war, crime and terror. Instead focus more on positivity. A daily dose of good news may make you a happy person and would benefit your health in many ways. Good news will not only make you calm and help you enjoy life but will also reduce violence, rage and anger from your life. One should read stories and news that benefit the humankind and the living. Reading something nice about the environment and the world will for sure bring a smile on your face instead of reading something about terror. Adding a daily dose of good news to your routine can benefit you mental and physical health. You can find various sites on the internet for good news.

A research found that optimism and positivity leads towards a healthy heart and cuts the chances of a lung decline rate. Whereas positive news, decreases chances of stress and anxiety. It all depends on what we read, listen and think. If we will hear, read and think only positive and good things then we will be more productive and will be more healthy and fit.

Optimism and positivity increases the life span of humans and lowers the rate of depression and distress. Also, there are many surprising benefits of good news to our health which includes an increased resistance to the common cold. A positive outlook towards the world enables people to cope better with the stressful situations. Reports show that optimistic people tend to live healthier lifestyles as compared to people who are only exposed to negativity.

Luckily, a lot of websites are trying to create positive news for people to have a better day. People who tend to have good moods have a lower level of cortisol. Cortisol is a stress hormone that leads to high blood pressure, weak immune systems and obesity. People who tend to have a lower level of this hormone are less prone to diseases like cancer and heart attacks. So, start your day with all the positivity you can get. Read positive and good news and avoid news that make you sad and depressed. You will notice a change in your lifestyle as soon as you eliminate negativity from your life.

NASA's Latest Galaxy Research Discoveries

nasa latest research on galaxies

NASA is an independent agency that uses the latest science and technology that is accountable for the civilian space programs along with the continuous research on aeronautics and aerospace. This organization is known for its extraordinary missions and discovery of new researches. Recently, it has chosen a mission in their space agency Explores Program that is going to give you a foretaste of the past. This program provides the flight prospects investigations of physics, heliophysics, and astrophysics. It is expected to launch in the year 2023.

This recent mission to be taken place by NASA is to provide a glimpse of the past to the world. The name of this mission is SPHEREx, which stands for Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization and Ices Explorer. The mission will explore the enormous number of galaxies that existed in the past with the latest technology instruments that will use the technique of utilizing optical and near-infrared light. This mission is supposed to see as far as possible in the past that is about 10 billion years. This will enable the researchers to find some answers about the galaxy of stars, which are close to the planet Earth, across the Milky Way. The organization will use a spectrophotometer in order to perform all the surveys of the sky, which will measure with near-infrared spectra from 0.75 to 5.0 micrometers. This simple instrument will observe the sky by mapping it four times. The telescope lens has a diameter of 20 centimeters with a width of 3.5º x 7º field view, forming an image on the four 2k x 2k mercury cadmium telluride photodetector arrays. Galaxies will be classified according to their redshift accuracy and about 450 million of galaxies are categorized. NASA will be using a technology new and unique to research the ancient galaxies.

The main motive of this mission is to satisfy the queries which arise in a human mind while speaking of the term galaxy. This curiosity urged NASA to find reasons for which factors were responsible for the early universe’s inflation and exploring the origin of the universe. SPHEREx also tends to find how the galaxies are connected with one another and the origin of the water in the systems of planets. This mission will survey the region of atmosphere using the technology science adapted by the satellites of the planet Earth and spacecrafts of Mars. It will create a chart of sky in 96 different color bands. This is greater than the previous technologies used in all the sky maps. This mission will definitely be marked as an elaborated study on future missions of the organization. For this vast project, The Korea Astronomy & Space Science Institute has decided to contribute the test equipment along with the analysis of science `

According to NASA’s associate administrator Thomas Zurbuchen, this extraordinary mission will be a treasure key of unique data for astronomers and will also be providing an aid for the future use. The launch of this mission is expected by the year 2023 with James Bock of Caltech being in charge along with a collaboration of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Ball Aerospace and the Korean Science Institute. The mission will enlighten the enthusiasm of stargazers, which has been dimed by the farewell of Mars rover Opportunity. A potential for new wonders and discoveries can be seen using the latest science and technology, in the year 2023.

WW2 British Soldiers' Rediscovered Drawings

ww2 british soldiers drawings found

Graffiti was found on the walls of a barn in Sommervieu, in Northern France. The graffiti drawings show how the British soldier troops passed their time during the WW2. There were scribblings of their girlfriend’s names and their favorite football players names as well. One of the many scribblings declare Liverpool to be the home of the best football team on Earth.

These drawings and scribblings were found by a military historian named Dan Hill. He hosts tours for war veterans. The cheeky British troops drew the drawings while they were liberated in the village of Sommervieu after the Normandy landings. There was a drawing that showed a German soldier being captured by the British. Also, multiple sketches of women and artillery were found. Dan, who is 33-year-old asked to see the barn and was amazed to discover such a place. These drawings and scribbles are 80 years ago.

Dan said that it was very emotive for him as he was there researching about the second world war. He further added that it was very incredible for him as he found such a piece of history while he was not even looking for it. The whole area was covered in history. Writings could be found on walls of the old farmhouses and barns throughout the area. He further added that these were the people who were at the tip of the sword and there would be a chance that these people who wrote on the walls were the ones who had liberated that farmyard.

The farm was located near the Bayeux. It was liberated after few days of the D-Day by the British troops. According to Dan, the signatures and wall graffiti had a regional feel that could be related to the Lancashire and the North west of England. He further stated that the stories of these men were unknown but they represented a generation of men and women who defined moments of European history. There were a lot of things written on the walls such as comical sketches, signatures with dates and a bit of North-west rivalry. There was even a comment about Blackpool. Also, there was a list including names and times that soldiers had to be on duty through the night. Dan added, that it was very fascinating that there were things like this out there which were waiting to be found.

A similar graffiti was found few years back which showed about 2000 WW1 soldier’s names. This was believed to be the biggest collection in the Western Europe. The writings on the walls dated back from around 1917 and were located in Naours, which is in north of Paris. Research shows that these graffiti show that the soldiers understood the fact that leaving these drawings and scribbles would be beneficial for the future generations. Among these 2000 soldiers’ names 339 names were of British soldiers. However, these graffities surely are incredible and fascinating to be found after so many years.